The Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) system is used by every Irish trader who interacts with the customs authorities in any European Union (EU) country; this number is also required when trading with countries outside the EU. Each economic operator is allocated with an unique reference number, called an EORI number, which will be used by the customs authorities in Ireland and other EU member states for identification.
The EORI system was introduced at the level of the EU, including in Ireland, following the provisions of the Regulation (EEC) No. 2913/92, amended by the Regulation (EC) No. 648/2005. Once a company or a business represented by a natural person received an EORI number, the respective code will be recognized at the level of the entire European Community.
EORI numbers have been introduced in Ireland since 2009 and they are used by Irish companies and sole traders involved in import and export activities. The EORI number is employed for the exchange of information between the customs authorities in the European Union, and where necessary, between the customs authorities and other authorities. However, the EORI number can be used for exchange purposes with the consent of the Irish owner. Our team of consultants in Irish company registration can help you obtain an EORI number.
In order to avoid any confusion, the tax authorities have aligned the EORI number to the Irish VAT number. The EORI system is made up of two elements, one at national level where all Irish economic operators are registered and one at European level, where all EU economic operators are registered.
All Irish EORI numbers have the IE prefix in front followed by the company’s VAT number. Foreign operators applying for EORI registration in Ireland will be issued different numbers depending on the structure of their VAT numbers; our team of specialists in company formation in Ireland can provide more details concerning this matter.
All Irish companies involved in cross-border activities are required to quote their EORI numbers or VAT numbers on electronic declarations. Economic operators are required to fill out electronic Single Administrative Document (SAD) declarations in which they will also insert their EORI numbers for both import and export procedures and then file the declarations with the Irish Revenue.
When completing the SAD declaration, the EORI number should be inserted into the boxes 2, 8 and 14 of this document. Irish companies will also be required to submit other documents related to the transport of goods. The same procedure is available for foreign economic operators coming to Ireland.
For complete information about the Irish EORI system you can refer to our specialists. You can also contact us if you want to open a company in Ireland; and we can provide assistance for all the steps related to this procedure, which also includes assistance on the tax regulations and tax compliance imposed to any business form; our representatives may assist with any other legal matter that could be of interest for foreign businessmen investing in Ireland.